[301], Bones reportedly found within the ferry were analyzed and affirmed to be of animal origin. [13] Captain Lee also instructed passengers to stay put and did not change the order even as he was leaving the ship. [66] The order was given at 8:48 a.m. After realizing that the ship was heavily listing to starboard, which led the bow to turn to the right, she gave an order to turn the wheel to port. [169], In its 17 April morning edition, Chosun Ilbo reported that 174 people had been rescued, four had died, and 284 were missing. [33] Cho testified that the tilting lasted for about two to three minutes after the initial tilt. [37] She made three round trips per week from Incheon to Jeju, each one-way voyage of 425 kilometres (264 mi) taking 13.5 hours to complete. Sewol, the passenger ferry that sank while travelling between the South Korean city of … [147] At 7:24 a.m., civilian groups of expert divers were reported to be helping out in the rescue operations. [18] Out of 476 passengers and crew, 304 died in the disaster, including around 250 students from Danwon High School (Ansan City). A crane lifted the bow of the ship five degrees so that 33 lifting beams could be placed underneath. [276] According to Park, "investigation and information roles will be transferred to the Korean police while the rescue and salvage operation and ocean security roles will be transferred to the Department for National Safety[277] which will be newly established". The court concluded that Cho, who was flustered by the ship turning faster than expected when he was following Park's order to turn to 145 degrees, was attempting to turn to the left when he took Park's order to mean a turn in the opposite direction. [110] Lee, Cho, and the first and second mates were the first people to be rescued. [79] Around this time, Cho stopped the engines, although it is unknown whether it was on his own volition or following an order from Lee. [124] An editorial in The Huffington Post stated that the governmental reports were like a rubber band, 'increasing at one moment and decreasing at another. [46] Lee worked with thirty-three crew members for the journey,[47] of which nineteen were irregular, part-time workers. [116], Videos recording passengers during the capsizing have been recovered. [66] He testified that the listing began with the order to turn to 140 degrees. [92] At 8:52 a.m., he called the national emergency service number and reported to the Jeollanam-do fire station that Sewol was capsizing. [233], On 3 June, the Gwangju District Court issued arrest warrants for a senior vessel safety operator of the Korea Shipping Association's Incheon unit and a vessel inspector of the Korean Register of Shipping's Mokpo unit. [29]:9 According to A-Line Ferry, it did not experience any problems during its service in Japan. [29]:38, The Maenggol Channel has strong underwater currents, which necessitate extreme caution when steering a ship through it. [2] Im Januar 2016 galten noch immer 9 Menschen als vermisst. [83][86] A passenger later testified that lights went out after the ferry started listing. [133] Rescuers made announcements for five minutes, calling people to abandon ship and jump into the water. [42] The ship was commanded by 69-year-old Captain Lee Joon-seok,[43] who had been brought in as a replacement for the regular captain. [80], Captain Lee, who was in his private cabin at the time of the incident,[81] immediately rushed to the bridge. When Sewol arrived at the channel at 8:27 a.m. at a course of around 137 degrees, the wind speed was between 4 and 7 meters per second, the wave height about 0.5 meters, and the visibility good. Cho testified that Park gave an order to turn "in the opposite direction" at this point, which he followed by turning the ship further to the left by 10 degrees, so the total amount of the turn became 15 degrees to the left. The sinking of MV Sewol (Korean: 세월호 침몰 사고; Hanja: 世越號沈沒事故), also called the Sewol ferry disaster, occurred on the morning of 16 April 2014, when the ferry was en route from Incheon towards Jeju in South Korea. [264][265] Japan's prime minister, Shinzo Abe offered sympathy to the victims. [243] [31], After these modifications, which included the addition of two decks of passenger space and the expansion of the cargo space,[32] Sewol had her gross tonnage increased by 239 tons to 6,825 tons and her passenger capacity increased by 116 people for a total of 956 people including the crew. The AFP news agency reported that one woman screamed in the courtroom: "It's not fair. Three minutes later, the Jeju Coast Guard called the Mokpo Coast Guard and discovered that a patrol boat had already been dispatched. The operation was expected to take as long as eighteen months and to cost between US$91–137 million. [166] [254], In addition to reaction against the actions of the captain and much of the crew of Sewol,[256] there has been a much wider political reaction to the disaster. On 12 February 2015, Kim Kyung-il, the coastguard captain, was sentenced to four years in prison. [40], When Sewol departed, she was carrying 443 passengers, 33 crew members, and a total of 2,142.7 tons of cargo including 185 cars. Salvage. [219] Four other company officials were also taken into custody. The report makes no mention of investigating the sinking, salvaging the hull, or supporting the victims' families, instead devoted to determining ways to "control the protesting attempt by the opposition forces in the name of the ferry accident and suggest a method about public opinion manipulation using the government-organized demonstrations. A subsequent investigation by the Moon administration launched in October 2017 revealed President Park Geun-hye spent crucial early hours of the rescue operation in her bedroom, meeting with Choi Soon-sil and also getting her hair done before attending emergency meetings at 5pm, 8 hours following the sinking. There are conflicting accounts of what happened next. Six other company employees and a Korean Shipping Association official also received prison sentences. [168] Twenty-two of the twenty-nine crew survived, including fifteen responsible for the navigation. [84] During this time, Park was crying, as she was taken aback by the sudden incident; this lasted until at least 9:06 a.m.[78][85] With the engines off, Sewol became unable to change directions and began drifting sideways. [199], Renovations which added extra passenger cabins have been proposed as a main secondary cause by Kim Gill-soo (김길수), a professor in the maritime transport technological department at the Korea Maritime University. [165], At 11:01 a.m., Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) began reporting that all students had been rescued; this news was re-reported by other news organizations, and continued until 11:26 a.m.[166] Around 11 a.m. (KST), officers working for the educational departments for the Gyeonggi Province sent text messages to the students' parents stating that all students had been rescued. [228][229] On 25 May, the reward was raised tenfold to ₩500 million (US$488,000). [238], Following appeals by prosecutors and the accused, on 28 April 2015 Captain Lee was found guilty of murder and his sentence increased to life imprisonment, while those for 14 other crew members were reduced to a maximum of 12 years, including 10 years for chief engineer Park Gi-ho, whose murder conviction was overturned. [29]:17, Sewol began operations on 15 March 2013. Visit our website: http://www.france24.comLike us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/FRANCE24.EnglishFollow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/France24_en All three went down with the sinking vessel. [29]:30 She departed around 9 p.m., and was the only ship to leave port that evening. "[237], In the cases against officials over the overloading of cargo, Kim Han-sik, Chonghaejin Marine's chief executive, was found guilty of negligence and received a ten-year prison term. [56] While the wider areas of the channel contain rock hazards and shallow waters, they were not in the immediate vicinity of the ship's usual path. [263], Barack Obama, then President of the United States, sent his condolences, stated that the United States would help in the search for survivors, and during a state visit to South Korea presented a magnolia tree from the White House to the high school. [140] At 8:00, operations investigating the ship's hull were ceased. [294][295], Kim Gwan-hong, a Sewol diver, died from apparent suicide in June 2016 after suffering injuries during search and rescue operations that meant he was unable to work again as a diver. The cargo included building materials destined for naval bases on the island of Jeju. [144] At 12:30 a.m., hull investigations were started by the ROK Coast Guard with the help of flares. [271], On 27 April, Jung Hong-won, the prime minister of South Korea, accepted responsibility and announced his resignation. [63] One surviving passenger, Choi Eun-seun, recalled having gone up to the deck to smoke right before the incident. 123 to be dispatched to the scene; the vessel was launched at 8:58 a.m.[95][96] Following the Coast Guard search and rescue manual, the boat was to be in charge of surveying the area and "swiftly" rescuing passengers. [296][297] During a government hearing in 2015, he testified that painful memories of handling dead bodies from the Sewol had haunted him. [65] Captain Lee was absent from the bridge at the time. Hide Caption 39 of 55 This scenario was confirmed by simulations separately run by the expert advisory panel on the joint investigation team, the Korea Research Institute of Ships and Ocean Engineering, and the Advanced Marine Engineering Center of Seoul National University. ", "[Ferry Disaster] Death toll surpasses 150 as Sewol search speeds up", "South Korea ferry disaster survivors describe chaotic scenes", "S Korea ferry survivor 'haunted' by memory of trapped students", "South Korean shipwreck survivors: Passengers told 'don't move' as ship sank", "Errors Mounted as Chaos Ruled Capsizing Ferry", "Simulations show far different fate for the Sewol", "S.Korea ferry captain rushed back to bridge as ship listed – crewman", "Sewol's captain under fire for fleeing sinking ship", "Ferry accident: Woman, 71, survives because stranger wouldn't give up on her", "Heartbreaking video shows students as ferry sinks", "South Koreans mourn teen hero who made first emergency call from ferry", "[Ferry Disaster] Sewol search turns increasingly grim", "Videos at ferry disaster give glimpses of doom", "More stunning evidence of government incompetence in Sewol's "golden moments, "Student made first call for rescue from sinking Sewol ferry", "Transcript of conversation between sinking ferry, traffic control", "Transcript Shows Urgent Calls to Help Sinking South Korean Ferry", "Confusion Over Ferry Evacuation May Have Added to Death Toll", "Human Error Suspected as Hope Fades in Korean Ferry Sinking", "Transcript shows ferry captain delayed evacuation", "Crew of doomed South Korea ferry drank beer while awaiting rescue: media", "Accused South Korea ferry crew say rescue was coastguard's job", "South Korea ferry captain charged with manslaughter", "Coast Guard Gave Special Treatment to Ferry Captain", "South Korea ferry: Students 'floated from cabins, "As South Korean Ferry Disaster Unfolded, Anguished Final Goodbyes", "Videos capturing ferry's final moments fuel fresh outrage over ship's fate", "SNS Messages Become Precious Clues in Korean Ferry Disaster", "South Korea ferry disaster: Fake survivor posts add to nation's anguish", "[Weekender] 'Sewol disaster reveals failure of mass media as watchdog, "Media Outlets Apologize Over Sewol Ferry Disaster Coverage", "After Sewol Ferry Disaster, Koreans Lower Trust in Government", "Senior Coast Guard official arrested over Sewol ferry sinking", "Footage Reveals Half-Hearted Rescue Efforts in Ferry Disaster", "South Korea ferry disaster: Civilian divers scouring the Sewol wreckage are being 'paid by the body', presidential office suggests", "[Newsmaker] Rescue firm blamed for favoritism, slow work", "Navy's divers grounded day after ferry accident", "Hundreds missing in tragic ferry sinking", "(3rd LD) Nearly 300 still missing in ferry disaster", "Massive marine cranes arrive to aid rescue efforts", "South Korean ferry disaster: Captain 'abandoned ship while passengers told to stay below, "[Ferry Disaster] Navy sailor dies from injury sustained while supporting Sewol rescue", "CR2000 'Crabster' at Sewol Sinking Site", "Diver's Death in Ferry Search Highlights Difficulties", "South Korean diver dies during ferry search", "Firefighting helicopter crashes in South Korea, killing 5", "South Korea approve plans to salvage sunken ferry", "South Korea Ferry Tragedy: US Amphibious Assault Vessel to Join Rescue Operation as 295 Remain Missing", "Civilian Diver Dies Searching for Bodies From South Korea Ferry", "(2nd LD) Search resumes for missing in sunken ferry", "S. Korea ferry sinking:Hundreds still missing (Updated Friday)", "Death toll in South Korean Ferry Tragedy reaches 36", "Divers comb sunken ferry after recovering 13 bodies from inside", "Badly decomposed body found in South Korea is fugitive ferry tycoon, say police", "Over 280 missing after South Korean ferry capsizes", "USS Bonhomme Richard Heads to Capsized Korea Ferry", "South Korea Ferry Sinking: U.S. Navy Ship to Join Rescue Effort", "Navy recovery vessel USNS Safeguard en route to South Korea", "(LEAD) S. Korea readies 'diving bell' for search of sunken ferry", "Transcript Shows Ferry Captain Delayed Evacuation", "Reports: The South Korean Ferry Sank Because It Was Dangerously Overloaded", "Doomed Sewol carried three times its cargo limit", "Ferry Disaster: 'Overload, massive extension might have caused disaster, "South Korea Ferry Owners Ignored Warning About Stability Problems, Off-Duty Captain Says", "Murder trial of Sewol captain begins in South Korea", "Captain and 3 Officers Charged With Murder in Korean Ferry Sinking", "Captain says warnings over Korean ferry ignored", "진도 여객선 세월호 침몰 원인, 변침으로 잠정결론...'에어포켓만이 희망, "Captain of sunken SKorean ferry, 2 crew arrested", "Abandon ship? 123 had not directly communicated with Sewol, and were not aware of the content of the communication between Sewol and the Jindo VTS on arrival. [82] After a short period, all the ship's mates and helmsmen arrived there as well. The Sewol captain and three of his crew members were first put on homicide trial in 2014 as they were the first to abandon the ferry when it listed and started to sink, failing to rescue hundreds of passengers on board. [172] At 10 p.m., Yonhap confirmed that the death toll had risen to fourteen. [178][179], As of 17 April 2014, the ROK Coast Guard concluded that an "unreasonably sudden turn" to starboard,[186] made between 8:48 and 8:49 a.m. (KST),[187] caused the cargo to shift to port, which in turn caused the ship to list and to eventually become unmanageable for the crew. [279] The chairman and CEO of Korean Register of Shipping, Chon Young-Kee, resigned on 28 April, following raids on KR offices by South Korean prosecutors. The disaster claimed lives of 250 high school students who were on a school trip. [209][210][211] Two other crew members, a helmsman and the third mate, were also arrested on that day on suspicion of negligence and manslaughter. The VTS retracted the warning around 8:35 p.m., and the Shipping Association removed the restriction on Sewol's departure after checking the weather conditions with the operator of the Palmido lighthouse and consulting with the Korean Coast Guard. In April 2015 a technical report concluded that it was feasible to raise the wreck of Sewol and President Park said she hoped that it would be carried out as soon as possible. [77] The cargo falling to one side of the ship caused Sewol to lose all her restoring force and allowed water to flow into the ship through the side door of the cargo loading bay and the car entrance located at the stern. [186] The existence of the sudden turn has been confirmed by the analysis of the ship's AIS data. [94] Three minutes later, the Mokpo Coast Guard station situation room ordered Patrol Vessel No. [56] At 8:46 a.m., as Sewol was travelling at a speed of eighteen knots at a course of around 136 degrees, Park ordered Cho to change the course from 135 degrees to 140 degrees, which Cho consequently undertook.[29]:39. Diesel and oil were drained from the ship. [230][231] On 21 July 2014, it was reported that a body found in a field in June was believed to be Yoo's. The report referred to the sinking as "just a ferry accident (그저 하나의 여객선 사고)" and said "we must control the protest in the name of ferry accident (여객선 사고를 빌미로 한 투쟁을 제어해야 한다)". "[296], On 22 March 2017, the salvage operation began to raise the wreck of sunken Sewol. Around 8:20 a.m. when the ship was about 2–3 miles from entering the Maenggol Channel, Park ordered Cho to change the steering system from autopilot to manual steering. [114] Most of the student passengers obeyed the announcements. Do not move. Two other crew members, a helmsman and the third mate, were also arrested … [252] The director's cut of the film was made available for public viewing on YouTube on 31 August 2015. [239] Judge Jeon Il-ho explained: "We drew a distinction between the Captain Lee Joon-seok who has a grave responsibility and crew members who took orders from the captain. [29]:17 It had made the round trip a total of 241 times until the day of the incident. Relatives of victims were distraught at the verdict, with some weeping. [132] At the time of arrival, Sewol had listed about 50 to 60 degrees to port. [117][118] Some recorded the announcements telling passengers to stay in place and put on life jackets,[119] while some showed passengers joking around,[117] putting on life jackets,[119] and sending farewells. [190], Gong Gil-young (공길영), a professor of aviation engineering at Korea Maritime University, commented that the sudden turn was simply the 'first cause' and that there were secondary causes to the incident. [34] The cargo limits were not known by the Korea Shipping Association, which has the responsibility to manage ferries, or the Korea Coast Guard, which were responsible for overseeing the Shipping Association. Justin McCurry and agencies in Gwangju Tue 11 Nov 2014 05.20 EST 00.43 EST Lee Joon-seuk, captain of the Sewol ferry, is sentenced at a court in the South Korean city of Gwangju [151] A marine crane arrived on the scene at night. 123 began rescue operations at 9:38 a.m., with the dispatching of a rubber boat. [29]:9 The modifications were later found to have been based on an illegal redesign of the ship. [67] Because the ship kept turning towards the right even as he was holding onto the wheel, he made two turns to the left amounting to a 5-degree turn. Shipping is regulated by the Korean Shipping Association, which is also an industry trade group, which experts consider a likely conflict of interest. [177], The sinking of Sewol is the deadliest ferry disaster in South Korea since 14 December 1970, when the sinking of the ferry Namyoung killed 326 out of the 338 people aboard. Overloading and improperly secured cargo were also seen as direct causes. [38] On 19 February 2014, she received an interim inspection and a periodic inspection from the Register. The jailed former captain of the sunken Sewol ferry does not want to talk about the tragedy, a prison official says. 123 was appointed the commander of the scene. [102], Sewol took two and a half hours to sink. [267] Singapore's Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong sent their condolences to the president of South Korea. [131] People trapped inside the pilothouse were rescued by breaking through the windows. [103] The communications officer, using the ship's intercom, repeatedly ordered passengers not to move. This is the story of MV Sewol… [33] After the modifications were completed, it underwent investigations by the Korean Register of Shipping including an inclining test, and received the ship inspection certification and the certification for the prevention of sea pollution on 12 February 2013. [99] For the next two minutes, Jindo VTS alerted two other ships that Sewol was sinking, with one confirming that it had visual contact with the ship. On April 16, 2014, the ferry MV Sewol sank off South Korea's coast plunging the country into shock. [29]:15 During the process of approving the modifications, the Register reduced the maximum amount of cargo that could be carried by 1,450 tons to 987 tons, and increased the amount of ballast needed by 1,333 tons, to 1,703 tons. 123 in response to the first report of the incident. [96] After receiving the news of the capsizing from the Jeollanam Provincial Government, the Republic of Korea Navy 3rd Fleet sent a Gumdoksuri-class patrol vessel (PKG) to the accident site at 9:03 a.m.; the Navy dispatched another PKG at 9:09 a.m.[128] At 9:04 a.m., the government created the Central Disaster Countermeasure Headquarters (중앙재난안전대책본부), an organization which would directly report to the government. [95] Four minutes afterwards, the crew of Sewol reported to the VTS that the ferry had heeled more than 50 degrees to port. [293] The event continues to be memorialized by Korean students in school ceremonies. [133] Passengers who had reached the deck or jumped into the water were rescued, including Captain Lee, but rescuers could not get inside the ship due to the list. [135] At 11:28 a.m., the Korea Navy's Ship Salvage Unit (SSU) was reported to have been deployed for the operations. At 9:38 a.m., all communications were cut off between the VTS and Sewol. [138] After 5 p.m., units from the SSU began undersea operations. [69], According to the joint investigation team, the sharp turn was a combined result produced by the steering error and the lessened restoring force caused by overloading; investigations did not show any malfunctions with the generator or the battery. [26], Three crew members, Park Ji-young, Jeong Hyun-seon, and Kim Ki-woong, are credited by survivors with staying aboard the ferry to help passengers escape. Thirteen other crew members were given jail sentences of up to 20 years on charges including abandonment and violating maritime law. On 22 July 2014, police revealed that they had established that a dead man found in a field 415 kilometres (258 mi) south of Seoul was Yoo. A unanimous Constitutional Court ruling on 10 March 2017 upheld the impeachment vote, ending her presidency. In 2014, an unfortunate disaster happened in South Korea where a ferry en-route to Jeju Island from Icheon capsized, leaving over 304 of the 476 passengers dead. [285][286] Since then, the yellow ribbon has been used to symbolize mourning for the sinking victims. [244][245] In 2016, the full extent of Choi's ties to Park emerged in South Korean media, which caused a corruption scandal that ultimately resulted in Park's impeachment by the National Assembly on 9 December 2016. [74][75] The impact caused the ship's gyroscope to erroneously record angular velocities of 15 radians per second on 8:49:40, 14 on the next second, and −11 on the consequent second, and tilt the ship 10 degrees further into the water. Jan. 19 (UPI) --South Korean prosecutors said they found no evidence the highest office in the nation attempted to obstruct investigations into the 2014 sinking of the Sewol ferry … The chief engineer of the ferry, Park Gi-ho, was found guilty of murder and jailed for 30 years. [200][201] This possible cause has also been supported by the captain,[202] as well as Lee Sang-yun. [232], The disaster raised questions regarding governmental regulation of shipping in South Korea. Ferry Sewol’s captain Lee Joon-seok, 69, was found guilty of gross negligence and received a 36-year sentence in prison, but he was acquitted of murder in the trial that spanned five months. Cho's testimony did not notably differ from that of Park. The others had lesser charges, including negligence. Operating Counter-disaster Headquarters ( 재난대책본부 ) their condolences to Park course of the ship intercom... The operation was expected to take as long as eighteen months and to cost between $! Not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality investigations discovered problems concerning the state of at... Prosecute her critics later testified that the listing began with the help of the incident, conditions were and. 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